International Chemical Safety Cards

SULFURIC ACID ICSC: 0362
SULFURIC ACID
Sulfuric acid 100%
Oil of vitriol
H2SO4
Molecular mass: 98.1
CAS # 7664-93-9
RTECS # WS5600000
ICSC # 0362
UN # 1830
EC # 016-020-00-8
TYPES OF
HAZARD/
EXPOSURE
ACUTE HAZARDS/
SYMPTOMS
PREVENTION FIRST AID/
FIRE FIGHTING
FIRE Not combustible. Many reactions may cause fire or explosion. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
NO contact with flammable substances. NO contact with combustibles.
NO water. In case of fire in the surroundings: powder, AFFF, foam, carbon dioxide.
EXPLOSION Risk of fire and explosion on contact with base(s), combustible substances, oxidants, reducing agents or water.

In case of fire: keep drums, etc., cool by spraying with water but NO direct contact with water.
EXPOSURE
PREVENT GENERATION OF MISTS! AVOID ALL CONTACT!
IN ALL CASES CONSULT A DOCTOR!
  • INHALATION
  • Corrosive. Burning sensation. Cough. Laboured breathing.
    Ventilation, local exhaust, or breathing protection.
    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Artificial respiration if indicated. Refer for medical attention.
  • SKIN
  • Corrosive. Redness. Serious skin burns. Pain.
    Protective gloves. Protective clothing.
    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse skin with plenty of water or shower. Refer for medical attention.
  • EYES
  • Corrosive. Redness. Pain. Severe deep burns.
    Face shield or eye protection in combination with breathing protection.
    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then take to a doctor.
  • INGESTION
  • Corrosive. Abdominal pain. Burning sensation. Collapse.
    Do not eat, drink, or smoke during work.
    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer for medical attention.
    SPILLAGE DISPOSAL STORAGE PACKAGING & LABELLING
    Collect leaking liquid in sealable containers. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents (extra personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus).
    Separated from combustible and reducing substances, strong oxidants, strong bases, other materials, food and feedstuffs (see Notes). May be stored in stainless steel containers (see Notes).
    Unbreakable packaging; put breakable packaging into closed unbreakable container. Do not transport with food and feedstuffs.
    C symbol
    R: 35
    S: 2-26-30
    UN Hazard Class: 8
    UN Packing Group: II
    SEE IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON BACK
    ICSC: 0362 Prepared in the context of cooperation between the International Programme on Chemical Safety & the Commission of the European Communities © IPCS CEC 1993

    International Chemical Safety Cards

    SULFURIC ACID ICSC: 0362

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    PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
    COLOURLESS, OILY HYGROSCOPIC LIQUID , WITH NO ODOUR.

    PHYSICAL DANGERS:


    CHEMICAL DANGERS:
    The substance is a strong oxidant and reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials. The substance is a strong acid, it reacts violently with bases and is corrosive to most common metals forming a flammable/explosive gas (hydrogen see ICSC # 0001). Reacts violently with water and organic materials with evolution of heat (see Notes). Upon heating, irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) (sulfur oxides) are formed.

    OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS (OELs):
    TLV: ppm; 1 mg/m3 (as TWA); 3 mg/m3 (as STEL) (ACGIH 1993-1994).
    PDK: 1 mg/m3 (USSR 1988).
    MAK: ppm; 1 mg/m3; respirable fraction of aerosol (1991).


    ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
    The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation of its aerosol and by ingestion.

    INHALATION RISK:
    Evaporation at 20°C is negligible; a harmful concentration of airborne particles can, however, be reached quickly on spraying.

    EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
    Corrosive. The substance is very corrosive to the eyes the skin and the respiratory tract. Corrosive on ingestion. Inhalation of an aerosol of this substance may cause lung oedema (see Notes).

    EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
    Lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure to an aerosol of this substance. Risk of tooth erosion upon repeated or prolonged exposure to an aerosol of this substance.
    PHYSICAL
    PROPERTIES
    Boiling point (decomposes): 340°C
    Melting point: 10°C
    Relative density (water = 1): 1.8
    Solubility in water: miscible
    Vapour pressure, kPa at 146°C: 0.13
    Relative vapour density (air = 1): 3.4
    ENVIRONMENTAL
    DATA
    This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to water organisms.
    NOTES
    The symptoms of lung oedema often do not become manifest until a few hours have passed and they are aggravated by physical effort. Rest and medical observation are therefore essential. NEVER pour water into this substance; when dissolving or diluting always add it slowly to the water. Store in an area having corrosion resistant concrete floor.
    Transport Emergency Card: TEC (R)-10B
    NFPA Code: H 3; F 0; R 2; W
    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


    ICSC: 0362 SULFURIC ACID
    © IPCS, CEC, 1993
    IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE: Neither the CEC or the IPCS nor any person acting on behalf of the CEC or the IPCS is responsible for the use which might be made of this information. This card contains the collective views of the IPCS Peer Review Committee and may not reflect in all cases all the detailed requirements included in national legislation on the subject. The user should verify compliance of the cards with the relevant legislation in the country of use.